The best way to safely use, cost and retailer your lithium-ion batteries.
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Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, additionally referred to as li-on batteries, are widespread in rechargeable merchandise and customarily secure to make use of. Nonetheless, they’ve the identical security dangers as different kinds of batteries, together with:
They’re extra simply broken than different varieties of batteries and might develop into hazardous in sure situations since they’re extra risky.
Lithium-ion batteries are discovered in lots of digital gadgets, resembling:
- energy instruments
- child screens
- transportable energy banks
- private electronics, resembling:
- cell telephones
- vaping merchandise (e-cigarettes)
- e-mobility merchandise resembling e-scooters and e-bikes
Observe the following pointers to assist decrease the dangers related to lithium-ion batteries.
Use and storage
Deal with lithium-ion batteries rigorously. Don’t throw, modify or tamper with them. Test for indicators of harm, and do not use batteries that:
- are swollen or dented
- have torn, plastic wrappers
- present different indicators of harm or put on
Hold your batteries in a secure place, out of sight and attain from kids. Should you carry batteries with you, hold them in a protecting, non-metal case.
Hold batteries saved in a dry location at room temperature. Don’t:
- go away batteries out within the solar or in a scorching or chilly automobile
- let moisture type on both finish of the battery’s terminals
Don’t cost your battery for longer than the really helpful charging time. Overcharging could cause your battery to overheat, which might result in fires or explosions.
Cost your gadget at room temperature the place you may see it. Smooth surfaces, like a sofa or mattress, can entice warmth across the battery and trigger the gadget to overheat.
Cost your battery earlier than it drops beneath 30% to assist it last more and work safely. Don’t hold it plugged in and charged at 100% for lengthy durations.
Not like older varieties of batteries, you don’t want to totally discharge lithium-ion batteries. This may increasingly truly hurt them.
Cost your product away from exit doorways in case of fireplace.
Authentic and alternative chargers
Use the charger that got here together with your gadget. If it’s worthwhile to substitute your charger, purchase it from a trusted supply and ensure the voltage and present are suitable together with your gadget.
Contact the unique product producer should you want a alternative charger for larger voltage objects like e-bikes, distant management automobiles and energy instruments.
Solely use chargers which have one of many acknowledged Canadian certification marks, resembling:
Chargers with out these marks don’t meet electrical security requirements and should trigger electrical shock and fires.
Recommendation for bigger battery methods
Some rechargeable merchandise require many highly effective lithium-ion battery cells resembling:
- massive instruments
- mobility gadgets like e-scooters and e-bikes
- battery powered lawnmowers and snowblowers
- vitality storage methods used to retailer photo voltaic and wind vitality
Incidents with these bigger and extra highly effective batteries will be extra extreme and the fires more durable to extinguish.
Use the unique lithium-ion batteries that got here together with your product. Contact the unique producer should you want alternative batteries. Should you can not attain the unique producer, contact the product retailer.
Carry batteries to room temperature earlier than utilizing them. Don’t try to cost in below-zero temperatures.
Don’t try to change lithium-ion batteries. Modifying lithium-ion batteries can destabilize them and enhance the danger of overheating, fireplace and explosion.
Learn and comply with every other tips supplied by the producer.
Retailer lithium-ion batteries with a couple of 50% cost when not in use for lengthy durations of time. Test them each 3 months to verify they have not misplaced their cost, and cost them again as much as 50% if they’ve.
Retailer lithium-ion batteries at temperatures between 5 and 20°C in a room with low humidity. In case your product has detachable batteries, chances are you’ll have to take away them from the product for storage throughout hotter or colder months.
Retailer lithium-ion batteries away from:
- different varieties of batteries
- flammable or explosive supplies
Don’t stack heavy objects on high of the bins containing lithium-ion batteries.
Broken batteries could cause inside brief circuits, which might result in an explosion.
Contact your municipality for directions on tips on how to safely eliminate lithium-ion batteries.
Batteries are thought of hazardous waste. Don’t place them in family rubbish.